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### Browsing by Author "Mennen, Carminda Margaretha"

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Item The algebra and geometry of continued fractions with integer quaternion coefficients(2015-05-06) Mennen, Carminda MargarethaShow more We consider continued fractions with coe cients that are in K, the quaternions. In particular we consider coe cients in the Hurwitz integers H in K. These continued fractions are expressed as compositions of M¨obius maps in M R4 1 that act, by Poincar´e extension, as isometries on H5. This dissertation explores groups of 2 2 matrices over K and two particular determinant type functions acting on these groups. On the one hand we find M R4 1 , the group of orientation preserving M¨obius transformations acting on R4 1 in terms of a determinant D [19],[38]. On the other hand K may be considered as a Cli ord algebra C3 based on two generators i and j, or more generally i1 and i2, where i j = k or i1i2 = k. It is shown this group of matrices over C4 defined in terms of a pseudo-determinant [1],[37] can also be used to establish M R4 1 . Through this relationship we are able to connect the determinant D to the pseudo-determinant when acting on the matrices that generate M R4 1 . We explore and build on the results of Schmidt [30] on the subdivision of a Farey simplex into 31 Farey simplices. These results are reinterpreted in H5 with boundary K1 using the group of M¨obius transformations on R4 1 [19], [38]. We investigate the unimodular group G = PS DL(2;K) with its generators and derive a fundamental domain for this group in H5. We relate this domain to the 24-cells PU and r that tessellate K. We define the concepts of Farey neighbours, Farey geodesics and Farey simplices in the Farey tessellation of H5. This tessellation of H5 by a Farey pentacross under a discrete subgroup G of M R4 1 is analogous to the Farey tessellation by Farey triangles of H2 under the modular group [31]. The result in Schmidt [30], that for each quaternion there is a chain of Farey simplices that converge to , is reinterpreted as a continued fraction, with entries from H, that converges to . We conclude with a review of Pringsheim’s theorem on convergence of continued fractions in higher dimensions [5].Show more Item The algebra and geometry of using continued fractions for approximating real and complex numbers(2022) Mennen, Carminda MargarethaShow more Through geometric analysis we forge a new interpretation of the link between nearest integer continued fractions and the Farey tessellation of hyperbolic space. Instead of just truncating the continued fraction to generate approximations, we focus on • how to parse the product of maps derived from the nearest integer continued fraction into a product of parabolic and elliptic Mobius maps and ¨ • on the collection of points on which these maps act. It turns out that we need to set apart the elliptic maps that permute a collection of six vertices, three values in R, namely ∞, 0 and 1, and three values in C, namely i, 1 + i and 1+i 2 . The action of the remaining parabolic maps on the same six vertices results in the creation of a sequence of nested Farey quadrilaterals, containing the target, whose boundaries are based in the Schmidt arrangement formed by the Farey sets and dual Farey sets of Schmidt.Show more