Validation of the simplified therapeutic intervention scoring system in the intensive care units of a public sector hospital in Johannesburg

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dc.contributor.author Kisorio, Leah Chepkoech
dc.date.accessioned 2009-11-10T09:24:24Z
dc.date.available 2009-11-10T09:24:24Z
dc.date.issued 2009-11-10T09:24:24Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/7429
dc.description.abstract Purpose: To introduce the simplified therapeutic intervention scoring system (TISS-28), the original therapeutic intervention scoring system (TISS-76) and simplified acute physiological score (SAPS) version II in critically ill adult patients, in order to describe the validity and reliability of TISS-28 as a suitable measure of quantifying nursing workload in the adult intensive care units (ICU) of a public sector hospital in Johannesburg. Objectives: To describe the profile of patient admissions to the intensive care units, to investigate the impact of the patients’ profile on the requirements for nursing workload and to validate the use of TISS-28 as a measure of quantifying nursing workload in this setting. Design: A non-experimental, comparative descriptive, correlational and prospective two-staged design was utilized to meet the study objectives. Stage I involved face and content validation of TISS-28 by a panel of ICU nurse experts (n=6). Stage II involved assessment of concurrent and construct validity as well as inter-rater reliability of TISS-28 using participants (n=105) drawn from trauma, cardiothoracic and multidisciplinary ICUs. Data necessary for the calculation of TISS-28, TISS-76 and SAPS II were recorded for each patient in the ICU at 24 and 48 hours after admission and in the wards after discharge within 24-48 hours. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze data. Results: Content Validity Index (CVI) of 0.93 was found for TISS-28. A significant positive correlation was found between TISS-28 and TISS-76 scores (r = 0.7857, p = 0.0001) as well as TISS-28 and SAPS II scores (r = 0.2098, p = 0.0317). A significant difference was found between TISS-28 scores among patients in the ICU and patients in the ward (t = 25.59, p = 0.0001; t = 21.48, p = 0.0001) respectively. A significant correlation was found between the data collected from a sample of patients by the researcher and the expert assistant researcher with an intra-class correlation coefficient of 0.99 and a p-value of 0.0001. Conclusions: The findings support validity and reliability of TISS-28 hence its feasibility for use in South African ICUs. Recommendations for nursing education, practice, management and research are proposed. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject simplified therapeutic intervention scoring system en_US
dc.subject intensive care en_US
dc.subject icu en_US
dc.subject nursing workload en_US
dc.title Validation of the simplified therapeutic intervention scoring system in the intensive care units of a public sector hospital in Johannesburg en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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    Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of the Witwatersrand, 1972.

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