Guiding dilemmas and principles informing psychotherapeutic work with African refugees in South Africa.

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dc.contributor.author Grootenhuis, Geertje-Kieke
dc.date.accessioned 2008-07-03T10:22:02Z
dc.date.available 2008-07-03T10:22:02Z
dc.date.issued 2008-07-03T10:22:02Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/5004
dc.description.abstract Abstract Therapists seeing refugee populations often struggle with the traditional boundaries of psychotherapy and conventional wisdom’s about therapeutic goals and practice. The social, political and cultural context of the therapeutic work throws up dilemmas and constraints that need to be better understood in working with these marginalized clients, particularly those in uncontaining environments such as South Africa. Although many refugees experience serious mental health problems and adjustment difficulties, the context in which treatment is offered impacts on the type of psychotherapeutic intervention and therapist stance that is optimal or possible. This study discusses presenting strengths, dilemmas and possible guiding therapeutic principles that arose from in-depth semi-structured interviews with 8 interviewees (4 psychotherapists and 4 refugee clients) concerning their experiences of conducting and being in medium term psychotherapy, looking at similarities and differences in observations. In accordance with the literature, this study found that the main descriptions of psychological distress discussed by the refugee clients included those caused by past trauma and those that were a response to current experiences. The prevalence of these symptoms stresses the importance of psychological intervention. The strengths of psychotherapy noted by refugee clients included: the preparation for psychotherapy through psycho-social workshops, attaining of both emotional and general support, the psych-social approach used by many of the therapists and the importance of foundational elements of psychotherapy, such as the relationship. This research project found that experiencing a containing therapeutic space was possible due to what refugees coined ‘the professionalism of the therapists’. Therapists raised such issues such as having to step out of the conventional therapist role, having to deal with the impact of the horror stories described by refugees, struggles to identify appropriate therapeutic approaches, difficulties in assisting refugees to establish sustainable support networks and not meeting refugees’ expectations that they will be ‘fully healed’ through therapy. Possible guiding therapeutic principles, such as working within the supportive framework of a two phased integrative framework, are also discussed. The study found that ideally speaking, therapists and refugee clients are more supported if therapy is offered as part of a multidimensional and multidisciplinary approach. en
dc.format.extent 27355 bytes
dc.format.extent 355796 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.title Guiding dilemmas and principles informing psychotherapeutic work with African refugees in South Africa. en
dc.type Thesis en


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