Synthesis and use of carbon nanotubes as a support for the Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis.

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dc.contributor.author Bahome, Munga Christian
dc.date.accessioned 2008-02-29T10:56:20Z
dc.date.available 2008-02-29T10:56:20Z
dc.date.issued 2008-02-29T10:56:20Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/4502
dc.description.abstract Abstract Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were grown catalytically by a chemical vapor deposition method and characterized by a range of techniques. Fe, Ru and Co catalysts supported on the carbon nanotubes were prepared and investigated for their performances in the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. CNTs were synthesized in a quartz tubular reactor at atmospheric pressure and at temperatures of 700°C over iron supported on CaCO3 using C2H2 as carbon source. Prior to CNT synthesis, the iron catalyst was first reduced under the same conditions (700°C and atmospheric pressure) in a flow of 5% H2 balanced in Argon. The catalyst, for the preparation of the CNTs, was prepared by the incipient wetness impregnation. The purification of the CNTs was performed with 30 wt % HNO3. Characterization of the CNTs using TEM, SEM, HRTEM, BET and TPR revealed that the crude product contained solely CNTs, catalysts particles and support, while no amorphous carbon was observed. The purified product is comprised of an interwoven matrix of tubes that were shown to be multi-walled (MWCNTs). CNT supported FT based catalysts were also prepared by an incipient wetness impregnation method and tested in a plug flow reactor in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. The TEM images of the different FT catalysts supported on CNTs revealed that the catalyst particles are well dispersed on the surface of the CNTs. The catalyst particles were very iii small, and some residual Fe catalyst material, not removed by the acid treatment, could clearly be seen on the surface of the CNTs. The reduction and metal dispersion properties of the catalysts were investigated through TPR and chemisorption techniques. A TPR study showed three reduction steps for Co catalysts, and addition of Ru to the catalyst decreased the reduction temperature of the catalysts. Gasification of the CNTs was noted to occur at temperatures higher than 600°C. The effect of metal catalyst loading and promoters on the activity and selectivity of CNT supported FT synthesis catalysts was studied under condition of 275°C, 8 bar, CO/H2 = 1/2 and different flow rates. The FT catalysts supported on carbon nanotubes displayed a high CO conversion and excellent stability with time on stream in the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. Fe catalysts displayed the lowest methane selectivity compared to all other FT synthesis catalysts used in this study. en
dc.format.extent 7858401 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Fischer-Tropsch en
dc.subject carbon nanotubes en
dc.subject support en
dc.title Synthesis and use of carbon nanotubes as a support for the Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis. en


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