The expenditure patterns of Zimbabweans travelling to and from South Africa for visiting friends and relatives purposes.

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dc.contributor.author Dzikiti, Lianda Gamuchirai
dc.contributor.author Van der Merwe, Clinton. David
dc.date.accessioned 2019-04-16T12:17:49Z
dc.date.available 2019-04-16T12:17:49Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Dzikiti, L.G., & Van der Merwe, C.D. (2017). The expenditure patterns of Zimbabweans travelling to and from South Africa for visiting friends and relatives purposes. African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure, 6(3), 1-22. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10539/26787
dc.description.abstract Tourism contributes to economic development in both developed and developing countries. Visiting Friends and Relatives (VFR) travel is one of the largest forms of tourism on a global level. However, there has been limited research over the past decades on VFR travel especially in developing countries. In recent times, VFR travel has attracted the attention of researchers due to an increasing rate of migration resulting in the promotion of regional tourism through VFR travel. Despite the influx of migrants in South Africa, research on international VFR travel has been limited as most research on VFR travel has been on a local level from one province to another. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the expenditure patterns of Zimbabweans travelling to and from South Africa for VFR purposes. Furthermore, the study seeks to identify the benefits of VFR travel to individual households in Zimbabwe. Using a quantitative framework, 200 questionnaires were distributed to Zimbabweans and a Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS) was used as an analytical tool. Data analysis and discussion of the results reveal that VFR travellers from South Africa spend more than VFR travellers to South Africa on transport costs, food and beverages, entertainment and financial remittances. The expenditure is based on socio-demographics and the actual expenditure at a destination. Due to VFR travellers’ expenditure, the benefits, which are directed to individual households in Zimbabwe, include household upkeep, education, business investment, health and other reasons. Thus, this study focuses attention on international VFR travel and its contribution to the tourism economy both in Zimbabwe and South Africa. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.rights University of the Witwatersrand en_ZA
dc.subject Visiting Friends and Relatives (VFR) en_ZA
dc.subject Zimbabwean tourists -- expenditure en_ZA
dc.title The expenditure patterns of Zimbabweans travelling to and from South Africa for visiting friends and relatives purposes. en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA
dc.journal.volume 6 en_ZA
dc.journal.title African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure en_ZA
dc.description.librarian AC2019 en_ZA
dc.citation.epage 22 en_ZA
dc.citation.issue 3 en_ZA
dc.citation.spage 1 en_ZA


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