HIV and Pre-eclampsia: Is there a connection?:

Show simple item record Frank, Karlyn Annesa 2007-02-23T12:08:07Z 2007-02-23T12:08:07Z 2007-02-23T12:08:07Z
dc.description Student Number : 9402058P - M Med Research Report - School of Clinical Medicine - Faculty of Health Sciences en
dc.description.abstract Objective In view of recent suggestions that HIV infection may protect against pre-eclampsia, this study was done to estimate whether untreated HIV positive pregnant women have a lower rate of preeclampsia-eclampsia than HIV negative women. Methods Subjects for this study were pregnant women from Soweto, South Africa, who gave birth from March to December 2002 at midwife-run clinics or at the Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, and in whom the HIV status was known. A sample size calculation indicated that 2588 subjects would be required to show statistical significance at P<0.05 with a power of 80% for a reduction in the rate of preeclampsia from 8% to 5% with HIV seropositivity, assuming an HIV seroprevalence rate of 30%. Data collection was by record review from randomly selected patient files and birth registers. Results In the total sample of 2600 women, 1797 gave birth at the hospital and 803 at the midwife-run clinics. The HIV seroprevalence rate was 27.1%. Hypertension was found in 17.3% of women, with 5.3% having preeclampsia-eclampsia. The rates of preeclampsia-eclampsia were 5.2% in HIV negative and 5.7% in HIV positive women (P=0.61). CD4 count results were available for only 13 women (0.5%). Conclusion HIV seropositivity was not associated with any reduction in the risk of developing preeclampsia-eclampsia. en
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dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject HIV en
dc.subject pre-eclampsia en
dc.subject HIV positive pregnant women en
dc.subject HIV negative women en
dc.subject Soweto en
dc.subject South Africa en
dc.subject Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital en
dc.subject seroprevalence rate en
dc.title HIV and Pre-eclampsia: Is there a connection?: en
dc.type Thesis en

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