Investigating particle size segregation in a batch jig

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dc.contributor.author Silwamba, Marthias
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-02T08:20:41Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-02T08:20:41Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/20988
dc.description A research report submitted to the Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Engineering. May, 2016
dc.description.abstract Particle size and size range are among the characteristics that affect the segregation of particles in a jig hence they affect the separation efficiency. The effects of these variables on segregation of particles are not fully understood. This work aimed at contributing to knowledge in this area. To better understand how particle size and size range influence segregation, tests were conducted in which the effects of the density and shape of the particles on segregation were minimized by using as the feed material spherical glass beads of uniform shape and density. Batch experiments of two components systems of various particle sizes were conducted under the same set of jigging conditions: the jigging frequency and jigging time were respectively maintained at 60 cycles per minute and 999 seconds (16.65 minutes). The effect of these operating conditions on segregation was not investigated. At the end of each test run, the jig bed was split into horizontal slices and the composition of each slice was determined. The experimental results showed that below a particle size ratio of 1.50:1, the driving force for the segregation of particles, i.e. the particle size difference, was small hence a low degree of segregation was obtained. The degree of segregation increased above this ratio. However, above the size ratio of 2.00:1, interstitial trickling occurred. With the smaller particles tested (8, 6 and 4mm) poor segregation was observed when the size ratios were of 1.50:1 or less along with what is believed to have been remixing due to convective currents within the jig chamber. It was found that the particle size range had a more pronounced effect on size segregation than the particle size. From the results, it can be said that above a size ratio of about 1.50:1, size segregation is very pronounced. This suggests that density separations of real ores, where both the density and size of particles vary, would be impaired if the particle size range of the material fed to the jig exceeds this ratio. However, this needs further confirmation by testing multiple component systems. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.subject.lcsh Particle size determination
dc.subject.lcsh Size reduction of materials
dc.subject.lcsh Separation (Technology)
dc.subject.lcsh Ore-dressing
dc.title Investigating particle size segregation in a batch jig en_ZA
dc.type Thesis en_ZA


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