Modelling the Inhomogeneities of the extragalactic background light

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dc.contributor.author Kudoda, Ayman Mohamed ELhadi Mohamed
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-18T11:02:36Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-18T11:02:36Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/19295
dc.description A dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in fulfilment of requirements for the degree of Master of Science. August 2015.
dc.description.abstract This work investigates the impact of the extragalactic background light fluctuations on very high energy !-ray spectra from distant blazars. We calculate the extragalactic background light spectral energy distribution using a model that extends those proposed by Razzaque et al. (2009ApJ.697.483R) and Finke et al. (2010ApJ.712.238F). We introduce a model for fluctuations in the extragalactic background light based on fluctuations in the star formation rate density, since these two fluctuations can reasonably be expected to be correlated. Fluctuations in the star formation rate are estimated from the semi-analytical galaxy catalogue of Guo et al. (2013MNRAS.428.1351G), we use his model to derive the resulting opacities for !-rays from distant sources. We determine the mean, lower and upper limits for the scatter of the star formation rate density, which then allow us to compute corresponding limits on the extragalactic background light spectrum. We then calculate the impact of these fluctuations limits on the !-ray optical depth. This appears to be the first detailed analytical model that aims to account for the impact of extragalactic background light fluctuations on the !-ray opacity. The model predicts relatively high variations ( 15%) on the opacity in the energy range less than 100 GeV for nearby sources. The impact is found to be smaller (⇠ 5%) for very high energy !-rays from distant sources. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.subject.lcsh Spectral energy distribution.
dc.subject.lcsh Galaxies -- Magnetic fields.
dc.subject.lcsh Extragalactic background lights.
dc.title Modelling the Inhomogeneities of the extragalactic background light en_ZA
dc.type Thesis en_ZA


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