Role of a topologically conserved Isoleucine in the structure and function of Glutathione Transferases

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dc.contributor.author Fisher, Loren Tichauer
dc.date.accessioned 2006-11-15T08:19:55Z
dc.date.available 2006-11-15T08:19:55Z
dc.date.issued 2006-11-15T08:19:55Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/1726
dc.description Student Number : 0002482E - MSc dissertation - School of Molecular and Cell Biology - Faculty of Science en
dc.description.abstract Proteins in the glutathione transferase family share a common fold. The close packing of secondary structures in the thioredoxin fold in domain 1 forms a compact hydrophobic core. This fold has a bababba topology and most proteins/domains with this fold have a topologically conserved isoleucine residue at the N-terminus of a-helix 3. Class Alpha glutathione transferases are one of 12 classes within the glutathione transferase family. To investigate the role of the conserved isoleucine residue in the structure, function and stability of glutathione transferases, homodimeric human glutathione transferase A1-1 (hGST A1-1) was used as a representative of the GST family. Ile71 was replaced with valine and the properties of I71V hGST A1-1 were compared with those of wildtype hGST A1-1. The spectral properties monitored using far-UV CD and tryptophan fluorescence indicated little change in secondary or tertiary structure confirming the absence of any gross structural changes in hGST A1-1 due to the incorporation of the mutation. Both wildtype and mutant dimeric proteins were determined to have a monomeric molecular mass of 26 kDa. The specific activity of I71V hGST A1-1 (130 mmol/min/mg) was three times that of wildtype hGST A1-1 (48 mmol/min/mg). I71V hGST A1-1 showed increased kinetic parameters compared to wildtype with a 10-fold increase in kcat/Km for CDNB. The increase in Km of I71V hGST A1-1 suggests the mutation had a negative effect on substrate binding. The DDG for transition state stabilisation was –5.82 kJ/mol which suggest the I71V mutation helps stabilise the transition state of the SNAR reaction involving the conjugation of reduced glutathione (GSH) to 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB). A 2-fold increase in the IC50 value for I71V hGST A1-1 (11.3 mM) compared to wildtype (5.4 mM) suggests that the most noticeable change due to the mutation occurs at the H-site of the active site. Conformational stability studies were performed to determine the contribution of Ile71 to protein stability. The non-superimposability of I71V hGST A1-1 unfolding curves and the decreased m-value suggest the formation of an intermediate state. The conformational stability of I71V hGST A1-1 (16.5 kcal/mol) was reduced when compared to that of the wildtype (23 kcal/mol). ITC was used to dissect the binding energetics of Shexylglutathione to wildtype and I71V hGSTA1-1. The ligand binds 5-fold more tightly to wildtype hGST A1-1 (0.07 mM) than I71V hGST A1-1 (0.37 mM). The I71V mutant displays a larger negative DCp than wildtype hGST A1-1 (DDCp = -0.41 kJ/mol/K). This indicates that a larger solvent-exposed hydrophobic surface area is buried for I71V hGST A1-1 than for wildtype hGST A1-1 upon the binding of S-hexylglutathione. Overall the results suggest that Ile71 conservation is for the stability of the protein as well as playing a pivotal indirect role in catalysis and substrate binding. en
dc.format.extent 904281 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject glutathione transferase family en
dc.subject isoleucine en
dc.subject mutation en
dc.subject protein stability en
dc.subject catalysis en
dc.subject substrate binding en
dc.title Role of a topologically conserved Isoleucine in the structure and function of Glutathione Transferases en
dc.type Thesis en


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