Fossil hyaenidae from the Makapansgat Limeworks deposit, South Africa

Show simple item record Randall, R. M. 2015-01-09T08:04:20Z 2015-01-09T08:04:20Z 1981
dc.identifier.citation None en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0078-8554
dc.description Main article en_ZA
dc.description.abstract The remains of three hyaena species have been recovered from the Makapansgat Limeworks deposit. A common small form , Hyaena hyaena makapani, and a rare large form, Pachycrocuta brevirostris, were recovered from Member 3 (Lower Phase 1 grey breccia). The rare Crocuta crocuta was recovered from Member 4 (Upper Phase 1 breccia), and was the only hyaena from this horizon. Abundant cranial and dental material of H. h. makapani facilitated comparisons with extant and fossil forms to confirm its identification as a subspecies of the extant striped hyaena. Despite morphological differences in the skull and teeth, H. abronia from Langebaanweg is confirmed as its likely ancestor. Some deciduous teeth of H. h. makapani are described and the eruption sequence of permanent cheek teeth deduced. P. brevirostris appears to be the largest fossil hyaena from Africa, showing affinities to P. bellax from Kromdraai. C. crocuta is similar to the extant form and the fossil forms from East Africa. As in the East African deposits, C. crocuta appears relatively late in the succession. The hyaena material has limited value in site faunal correlations for dating purposes, but does not contradict the palaeomagnetic age estimate of more than 2,9 My for Member 3 (grey breccia) (Partridge 1979). en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship C.S.I.R. postgraduate bursary. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research en_ZA
dc.relation.ispartofseries None;
dc.subject hyaena; Makapansgat en_ZA
dc.title Fossil hyaenidae from the Makapansgat Limeworks deposit, South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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