Screening of selected Cassava Cultivars for SACMV Resistance

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dc.contributor.author Osman, Rozida Haroon
dc.date.accessioned 2006-11-01T08:18:17Z
dc.date.available 2006-11-01T08:18:17Z
dc.date.issued 2006-11-01T08:18:17Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/1558
dc.description Student Number : 0413249D - MSc research report - Faculty of Science en
dc.description.abstract Cassava is one of the most important staple crops in the world and is consumed by over 700 million people around the globe and is a profitable product commercially due to the high starch content of its tubers. One of the future aims is to produce cassava that is high yielding, resistant to cassava mosaic geminiviruses (CMGs) and high in starch content. To be able to achieve commercially attractive cassava varieties, research need to be carried out to investigate the virus resistance status of different cassava cultivars, which can later be used in the future breeding programme. In South Africa, cassava is used for commercial starch manufacturing purposes, as a cash crop and a food source by small-scale farmers. Cassava Mosaic Disease (CMD) is having a negative impact on yield of the crop globally and therefore dropping profitability of cassava on a commercial scale. The aims of this research were to propagate thirteen cassava cultivars and then to test them for virus susceptibility or resistance. Eleven cassava cultivars received from the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) were tested for resistance or susceptibility against South African cassava mosaic virus (SACMV). Two local, commercial cultivars T200 and T400, were tested for East African cassava mosaic virus (EACMV) and African cassava mosaic virus (ACMV) resistance. Cassava cultivars were successfully propagated in vitro and thereafter transferred into soil and acclimatized to adapt to environmental conditions. When the plantlets were three weeks old, the plantlets were infected with cassava mosaic viruses. Plants were infected with SACMV via Agrobacterium-mediated transfer and infectious EACMV and ACMV monomers were used to biolistically bombard the plantlets. Resistance/susceptibility results of seven of the thirteen cultivars were obtained with SACMV, these cultivars being T200 (susceptible), T400 (susceptible), TME3 (highly resistant), I30572 (susceptible), I420251 (highly susceptible), I60506 (susceptible) and TMS60444 (susceptible). Due to destruction by fungal gnats eating the roots of the plants, acclimatization of the remaining six cultivars was not possible. Also, due to the nature of the biolistic equipment, infection of the cultivars with EACMV and ACMV was not achieved as the plantlets were not robust enough to survive the pressure. en
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dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject cassava en
dc.subject cassava mosaic geminiviruses en
dc.subject CMG en
dc.subject cassava cultivars en
dc.subject virus susceptibiltiy en
dc.subject virus resistance en
dc.subject IITA en
dc.subject SACMV en
dc.title Screening of selected Cassava Cultivars for SACMV Resistance en
dc.type Thesis en


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