CVD synthesis of nitrogen doped carbon nanotubes using iron pentacarbonyl as catalyst

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dc.contributor.author Ghadimi, Nafise
dc.date.accessioned 2012-02-24T10:16:36Z
dc.date.available 2012-02-24T10:16:36Z
dc.date.issued 2012-02-24
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/11348
dc.description M.Sc., Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand, 2011 en_US
dc.description.abstract In this dissertation, the synthesis of nitrogen doped carbon nanotubes (N-CNTs) was performed successfully, using a floating catalyst chemical vapour deposition (CVD) method. Fe(CO)5 was utilized as the catalyst and acetonitrile and toluene as nitrogen and carbon sources respectively. Two different procedures were used to add reagents to the reactor: an injection method and a bubbling method. The effect of nitrogen concentration and physical parameters such as reaction temperature, gas flow rate on the morphology, crystallinity and thermal stability of the tubes was studied. The synthesized materials were characterized by means of Raman spectroscopy, TGA and TEM analyses. The presence of nitrogen was confirmed by the presence of the bamboo formations in the tubes by TEM. A comparison of the data from the numerous reactions revealed that N-CNTs can be made from Fe(CO)5 and acetonitrile. Further the main conclusions achieved using the injection method were: i) the maximum number of tubes with bamboo structure were made using on acetonitrile concentration of 15%, ii) The best growth temperature to make N-CNTs was 850 oC, iii) An increase in acetonitrile concentration decreased the yield of NCNTs and iv) Tubes with the narrowest outer diameters were made using an acetonitrile concentration of 15%. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Nanotubes en_US
dc.subject Nanostructures en_US
dc.subject Metal ions en_US
dc.subject Nanostructured materials en_US
dc.subject Nanochemistry en_US
dc.title CVD synthesis of nitrogen doped carbon nanotubes using iron pentacarbonyl as catalyst en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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    Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of the Witwatersrand, 1972.

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