Knowledge of HIV/AIDS, related attitudes and participation in risky sexual behaviour among first and fourth year female students at the University of Botswana.

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dc.contributor.author Cavric, Gordana
dc.date.accessioned 2012-02-16T10:39:23Z
dc.date.available 2012-02-16T10:39:23Z
dc.date.issued 2012-02-16
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/11328
dc.description M.P.H., Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 2011 en_US
dc.description.abstract Introduction Botswana still has the second highest HIV prevalence in the world with little indication of any significant decline. In Botswana, women are disproportionately affected: young women account for more than half (58 %) of the adults living with HIV thus indicating a significant gender disparity in HIV infection. University educated, urban young women aged 19-39 have been identified as group at particularly high risk of HIV infection. Aim This study aimed to assess knowledge and attitudes regarding HIV and AIDS and how such knowledge and attitudes have implications for participation in risky sexual behavior among female University of Botswana students in their first and fourth years of study. Methodology This study was conducted at the University of Botswana (UB) in Gaborone. Data was collected using a selfadministered questionnaire on Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and participation in Risky Sexual Behavior among female students in first and fourth year of studies at University of Botswana. Results The knowledge regarding the “window period” and infectivity during the window period was significantly lower for first year students compared to fourth years. Attitudes towards people with HIV were positive in both groups, while affirmative attitudes towards premarital sex are increasing as the students progress academically. The analyses highlight that the percentage of women who reported having been sexually active the proceeding year was significantly higher among fourth year students (82.6%) than their first year counterparts (56.9 %), (p<0.01), with the number of partners significantly higher among women in their fourth year. Significantly, 3% of first year female students stated that their partners did not want to use a condom while 7 percent of the participants themselves said that that was the case. Amongst fourth year UB female students responding, 4% said that their partners did not want to use a condom, yet 14% participant said that they themselves did not want to use one. Overall, the prevalence of self-reported STI’s was significantly higher among fourth year students when compared with first year students 19 of 155 [12.26% ]vs. 4 of 144 [2.78 %] p<0.01 . Conclusion This study explored the knowledge of HIV/AIDS and participation in risky sexual behavior amongst female students in their first and fourth years at the University of Botswana. The study supported the findings that higher levels of formal education are associated with better knowledge of how to protect oneself from HIV/AIDS transmission. Although many HIV/AIDS prevention campaigns might have contributed to educated women being knowledgeable about how to protect themselves from HIV/AIDS transmission and the importance from abstaining from risky sexual behavior, a small but significant proportion of women still do not use condoms consistently en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Sexual Behavior en_US
dc.subject Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome en_US
dc.subject HIV/AIDS en_US
dc.title Knowledge of HIV/AIDS, related attitudes and participation in risky sexual behaviour among first and fourth year female students at the University of Botswana. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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