Low temperature oxidation of volatile organic compounds using gold-based catalysts

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dc.contributor.author Kwenda, Ellen
dc.date.accessioned 2011-09-13T09:36:19Z
dc.date.available 2011-09-13T09:36:19Z
dc.date.issued 2011-09-13
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/10408
dc.description MSc, School of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand, 2011 en_US
dc.description.abstract In this work, a detailed study of the evaluation of gold-based catalysts supported on manganese oxides for the oxidation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has been undertaken. Model catalysts were prepared by deposition-precipitation methods to establish the effect of the support on the catalytic activity of the gold catalysts. The catalysts were characterised by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, N2–physisorption measurements and temperature programmed reduction techniques. The activity of the catalysts for VOC oxidation reactions were tested in a continuous flow fix bed glass reactor. The products were analysed by GC/TCD and GC/FID. The catalysts Au/TiO2, Au/Al2O3, Au/ZnO and Au/MnO2 were used for the VOC oxidation reaction. 2-propanol, 2-butanol and toluene were used as VOCs for the study. These were chosen because they are important indoor pollutants given their wide laboratory use and high volatility. Toluene was found to be the most difficult to oxidise, followed by 2-propanol. The effect of calcination temperature and preparation procedure was evaluated for the gold/manganese oxide catalysts. Au/b-MnO2 catalysts prepared by deposition-precipitation showed some catalytic performance which was less than the performance shown by Au/MnOx, prepared by co-precipitation. g-MnO2 proved to be more efficient in the oxidation of 2-propanol than pyrosulite phase MnO2. The addition of gold to any metal oxide support was found to enhance the oxidation of VOCs. Gold-based catalysts were more active than the Ce/MnO2 catalyst. Catalytic tests showed that Au/CeO2 was the superior catalyst for the total oxidation of toluene, 2-propanol and 2-butanol. Ceria is a highly reducible oxide and the formation of gold–ceria interactions produced an even more easily reduced material. University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg ii en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject catalysts en_US
dc.subject gold-based catalysts en_US
dc.subject volatile organic compounds en_US
dc.title Low temperature oxidation of volatile organic compounds using gold-based catalysts en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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